The skin is composed of three layers. The top layer is known as epidermis – the protective shield which prevents germs, bacteria and other detrimental elements from infecting and entering your internal organs. In addition, this is also known as the sensitive external organ of the body which has nerve endings. This registers reaction to the brain. Actually, the skin is the one that shows the health status of an individual by showing symptoms of health conditions like deficiencies and allergic reactions. The skin prevents excessive loss of water from the body.
There are numerous types of skin diseases that make people uncomfortable, irritated and less healthy. It can affect individuals of all ages, from babies to elderly, while causing harm in several ways too. Below are the most common skin diseases that you need to be aware of. This common skin diseases list explains every condition to raise awareness.
1. Eczema and Dermatitis: These 2 conditions have similar characteristics. The skin is usually inflamed, irritated and itchy. In fact, both eczema and dermatitis are characterized by blistering or redness of the skin caused by allergic reactions such as deficiencies in some nutrients and allergies to eggs. Compared to other skin diseases, these are manageable and treatable.
2. Acne: When the skin glands are infected, expect an acne breakout. It occurs usually in early adulthood or adolescence. In short, acne occurrence is caused by emotional stress, genetics as well as hormonal changes.
3. Psoriasis: This condition is described as hypersensitivity of the skin to sunlight. People with psoriasis easily get irritated by sunrays. This can manifest through skin scaling and reddish eruptions.
4. Dry Skin or Skin Roughness: Having cracked and dry skin is very unattractive. This is caused by numerous factors like excess fat insulation, harsh chemicals, age advancement and dehydration.
5. Cellulitis: This condition is the inflammation and infection of subcutaneous tissue on the skin. It can lead to severe wounds that cause the skin to lose smoothness. This is commonly caused by various toxins embedded in your skin, obesity and even hormonal imbalance.
As you can see, skin diseases are very common to kids. Since children have delicate and sensitive skin, they are easy victims to these irritating skin conditions. Allergies, cold, heat and sickness are usually behind the kid’s skin changes. Some can be easily treated while others are not. It’s best to do some research and seek your doctor’s advice whenever you find your child’s skin a little strange. Below are common skin diseases in children.
1. Ringworms: Worms do not cause ringworm. This is caused by fungus that lives-off dead skin, nail tissue and hair. It can start as a scaly red bump or patch then comes in the telltale-itchy red ring. The ring has scaly, blistery and raised borders and can be passed on by skin to skin contact with an animal or person. Your children can get this when sharing things such as sport gear or towels.
2. 5th Disease: This is usually a mild and contagious skin condition that can pass in a few weeks. It begins with flu like symptoms and body rashes will follow. This can spread by sneezing as well as coughing. This can be treated with pain relievers, rest and fluids. Aspirin is not advisable to children.
3. Chickenpox: Due to chicken vaccine, this common rash is not much seen today and the severity is more controlled. This type of skin condition is very contagious and spreads easily. It causes dryness, blisters and bursts and crusts over. If you fail to consult a physician, this can become serious and detrimental.
4. Impetigo: This is caused by bacteria and creates blisters or red sores. It can ooze, break open and develop yellow brown crusts. The said sores can show-up all over your body, but are commonly found around the nose and mouth.
Rash is also very common among kids and adults with sensitive skin. Rash isn’t a specific diagnosis, but causes skin discoloration and inflammation. Parasitic, viral, fungal and bacterial infections cause common skin rashes.
1. Seborrheic Dermatitis: This is the most common type of rash affecting numerous adults globally. It produces a red scaling reaction that characteristically affects the forehead, scalp, external ears, cheeks, brows and scalp.
2. Contact Dermatitis: This is caused by a substance that irritates the skin or a specific chemical that a patient is allergic to. Examples of contact dermatitis caused by allergy re poison oak or poison ivy and jewelry that contains nickel.